Langka Matrix and Methods
The following layouts are provided to assist those studying our langkah training methods. With these matrices the student can quickly recall which langkah drill uses open or twist stances, matches shins against shins or calves, and combines to make langkahs 5 or 6.


Langka Matrix      
Open Stance
Twist Stance
Odd Numbered
Even Numbered
1, Shin on Shin
3, Shin on Calf
2, Shin on Calf
4, Shin on Shin
    Like Leads
    Unlike Leads 
Early Game
Late Game
Langka Methods


Each of the six drills in the above Matrix are taught using the three Methods listed.
The resulting 18 drills are covered in detail in the our Fighting Footwork DVD series.
The following table provides a quick list of each drill's primary foot movements.
1st and 3rd Gear Foot Movements Table

Langkah Matrix Table #2

For even more helpful charts, check out our Fighting Footwork of Kuntao and Silat Workbook
which covers cues like Smash-n'shuffle and Smash-n'step, as well as Grind-n'shuffle and Grind-n'step.

Footwork Patterns

Some have requested specifications for the two footwork patterns shown in the Fighting Footwork of Kuntao and Silat video series. The lengths shown in the two footwork patterns are provided in inches, and although the displayed angles are 45 degrees, over time and with sufficient practice, they should automatically tighten to between 15 and 30 degrees.

Fighting Footwork Video 1

Please note: As stated in the video series, while your feet may follow this pattern it is really intended to show your general direction, angulation, orientation, and body position — not the path your feet follow.

This Zig-Zag pattern is used by seven of the langkah drills: 1A, 1B, 1C, 2B, 3A, 3C, and 4B.

Fighting Footwork ZZ Pattern

What we call the M-and-M pattern is used by five of the langkah drills: 2A, 2C, 3B, 4A, and 4C.

Fighting Footwork MM Pattern

Since Langkah's 5 and 6 are simply combinations of Langkah's 1-4, floor patterns specific to them are really unnecessary. Moreover, adding them only complicates what is already elegantly simple.

One more point: We practice our langkah drills with minimal handwork because doing so forces us to focus on the legs. The drills are intended to make us comfortable with leg position and contact, and you simply cannot do that with most self-defense techniques.

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Our emphasis is on the practical.
©Copyright Bob Orlando, 1999-2015
All rights reserved.
Last update:  Aug. 6, 2016
by Bob Orlando
Web Site of Bob Orlando: Instructor in Kuntao-Silat (Chinese kuntao and Dutch-Indonesian pukulan pentjak silat), author of two popular martial art books: "Indonesian Fighting Fundamentals" and "Martial Arts America: A Western Approach to Eastern Arts"; and producer of four martial art videos: Fighting Arts of Indonesia, Reflex Action, Fighting Footwork of Kuntao and Silat, Fighting Forms of Kuntao-Silat. Offering practical martial arts instruction to adults living in and throughout the Denver metropolitan area including, Lakewood, Littleton, Morrison, and Golden Colorado.